Amy Rose エミー・ローズ Emī Rōzu, also formerly known as Rosy the Rascal ロージー・ザ・ラスカル Rōjī za Rasukaru}}, is a fictional, anthropomorphic pink hedgehog from the Sonic the Hedgehog series. She has a major long-standing crush on Sonic the Hedgehog, and has been trying to win his heart by any means since meeting him. Such methods included impressing him by fighting robots, and threatening to leave him locked in prison on Prison Island. Introduced in the game franchise in 1993, Amy was the first — and most recurring — female character in the Sonic the Hedgehog series and is also one of the most popular characters, coming in fifth place on an official popularity poll, being the most popular female character.
She was described to be eight years old in Sonic CD, but from Sonic Adventure onward she has grown by four years. With the addition of Cream the Rabbit, Amy seems to have found herself a sidekick similar to how Tails is to Sonic (as implied in Sonic Battle, Sonic Heroes, Sonic Advance 3, and Shadow the Hedgehog).
Concept and CreationEdit
Amy Rose is one of the few main characters in the Sonic the Hedgehog series to have her first appearance outside the Sega games. She was created by Kenji Terada for the various Sonic the Hedgehog manga published by Shogakukan. She first appeared in the April 1992 issue of Shogaku Ninensei, written and illustrated by Sango Morimoto. She also appeared in the unrelated series from Shogaku Ichinensei, Shogaku Sannensei, Shogaku Gonensei, Shogaku Rokunensei, and Coro Coro Comics Special, all of which were written and illustrated by different mangaka but based on Kenji Terada's initial concept. In these series, Amy (no second name is given) is the girlfriend of Nicky, a nerdy young male hedgehog with the power to transform into the superhero, Sonic the Hedgehog. Amy is also the target of the bully Anton Verruca. Because of the vastly different styles of the illustrators for these series, Amy's design was different in each. She appeared most like her later games appearances in the Coro Coro Comics Specials, written and illustrated by Tanaka Kouichi.
In 1993, the manga character was adapted by the Sonic CD team to be used in Sonic's Mega CD debut. Her final design for this game was done by Kazuyuki Hoshino. She appeared infrequently thereafter, in ensemble spin-off games such as Sonic the Fighters, Sonic Drift, Sonic Drift 2, and Sonic R. She did not appear in any of the early TV series, although she was included in most comics, including the Archie Comics series, the British Sonic the Comic and the French Sonic Adventures.
When Sonic Team reunited and started work on their three-dimensional follow-up to the classic Sonic games, Sonic Adventure, it was decided they would revive the pink hedgehog and give her a starring role in the game. Yuji Uekawa, the man who would redesign all the classic characters, did the most drastic changes to Amy. While Sonic, Tails, and Knuckles all received minor design changes, Amy's clothing and hairstyle were completely revamped. She also had her entire figure redesigned to make her appear older, perhaps in an attempt to appeal to a different demographic than the rest of the Sonic characters.
Following Sonic Adventure, Amy became one of the main characters of the series, and has appeared in nearly every Sonic game since, as well as the TV series Sonic X.
Kidnapped by Metal SonicEdit
Using her tarot cards, Amy learned that she was to have a "destined" encounter with Sonic the Hedgehog on the Little Planet. Excited, she rushed to Never Lake, the location of the small planet's appearance. It wasn't long until she ran into her crush, Sonic, in Palmtree Panic. Amy couldn't help but excitedly grab onto her hero, an action which Sonic did not find to be very pleasing. Amy's happiness was short-lived, for as she continued to follow Sonic into Collision Chaos, she was kidnapped by Dr. Ivo Robotnik's latest creation, Metal Sonic. Though Sonic eventually rescued Amy from her capture—while saving Little Planet from Robotnik's grasp—he did not reciprocate her advances.
Racing and FightingEdit
Apparently following Sonic, Amy ended up joining two drift-racing competitions, both of which offered Chaos Emeralds as prizes. Driving a blue car, and later a red one, she competed in both races in an attempt to impress Sonic. A short while afterward, Dr. Robotnik planned to dominate the world from space, and Sonic’s friend, Miles "Tails" Prower, made a spaceship that only had one seat and required the power of the Chaos Emeralds. Wanting to use the ship, everyone who had an Emerald fought to gain the others, including Amy. She competed for the chance to defeat Robotnik and impress Sonic.
"Birdie" and the Chaos IncidentEdit
Upon her eventual return to her home in downtown Station Square, Amy lived a normal life in Sonic’s absence. During this time, she also had a makeover; her green sweater and orange skirt were replaced by a red dress with white trim, her blue-and-white shoes were substituted for red-and white boots, and she now sported a hair band and golden rings around her wrists. Amy also styled her spines in a manner similar to an echidna, rather than wear them up, as they had been beforehand. It was while shopping and reminiscing about her times with Sonic that the Egg Carrier flew over the city, and a small blue Flicky fell out and knocked Amy over. Amy named it "Birdie" and soon, one of Dr. Eggman’s robots, E-100 "ZERO" Alpha, arrived and chased the two of them. Amy and Birdie escaped by hiding in the burger shop, and Amy decided to find Sonic and make him Birdie’s bodyguard for a short while.
When she found him outside of Casinopolis, Sonic was shocked to see her, and refused her request, which led Amy to say that she would "tag along" anyway. After fleeing Alpha again, the three ended up in Twinkle Park, where Amy and Birdie lost Sonic, after being chased. But as they escaped, the robot soon caught up with them, kidnapping and forcefully taking them to the Mystic Ruins, where Eggman picked them up and had Amy and Birdie locked in a cell. After managing to turn E-102 Gamma’s allegiance, the two fled through the Hot Shelter.
However, the pair were transported to the past, where they found themselves in the land of the Knuckles Clan, and watched Tikal with a group of Chao meeting Chaos. Returning to the present day, a somewhat-confused Amy and Birdie escaped to the flight deck, where Eggman was confronting Sonic and Tails. Although she was delighted to see them, Amy’s joy was short-lived when the Doctor grabbed Birdie and took a Chaos Emerald from the pendant he had been wearing. Eggman then called Gamma to destroy the intruders before fleeing himself. Sonic, Tails and Gamma were just about to finish off each other when Amy convinced them to stop. Sonic then told Tails to fly Amy away, which he did, just before the Egg Carrier lost altitude and exploded. Arriving in Station Square, Amy went to search for Birdie’s family, first in the Final Egg, and then the crash-landed Egg Carrier, where they were attacked by Alpha, who had hurt Birdie. Enraged, Amy attacked and destroyed the menacing robot. Birdie eventually found and returned to his family, who had been trapped inside of E-102 Gamma and E-101 Beta. As the birds flew off and Amy prepared to leave the Egg Carrier, she decided that she would not give up, and that someday she would make Sonic respect her.
Later, Amy returned to Station Square, which had been destroyed by Perfect Chaos. After Perfect Chaos had absorbed the power of the seven Chaos Emeralds and thrown them away, Amy grabbed one of them and brought it to Sonic, while Tails, Knuckles and Big the Cat brought the other six Emeralds. Together, they formed positive power through their caring for each other. Sonic tapped into this power and transformed into Super Sonic, and was able to defeat Perfect Chaos.
In Sonic Shuffle, Amy, Sonic, Tails, Knuckles, and Dr. Eggman were all summoned to Maginaryworld by Lumina Flowlight, who needed them to help repair the Precioustone. Each character had his or her own role to play, and with each other’s help, the Precioustone was repaired, Maginaryworld was saved, and the heroes were returned to Earth.
Convincing Shadow of his DestinyEdit
Amy was an important supporting character in Sonic Adventure 2. Although not playable in the main story, she was playable in two-player mode. When Sonic was trapped on Prison Island, Amy somehow managed to arrive on Prison Island and accidentally stumbled upon Eggman, Shadow, and Rouge's plan to steal the Chaos Emeralds. She ended up cornered by Eggman as a consequence, but was saved at the last minute by Tails. With Tails' help, Amy managed to free Sonic—this is one of several times that Amy has saved Sonic, instead of the other way around. When she learned from Sonic that the reason why he was on Prison Island was because of the actions of a "fake hedgehog", she realized that he was referring to Shadow, and informed him of Shadow's allegiance to Eggman. She also briefly saw some writing on the wall of Sonic's cell, actually equations made by the former occupant of the cell, Professor Gerald Robotnik, to cause a catastrophic crash via the Space Colony ARK to destroy the planet as revenge for the death of Maria Robotnik, his granddaughter.
Because of the events of Sonic's escape, as well as her involvement in it, Amy was also targeted by G.U.N. to be arrested, even after Eggman's doomsday threat. She eventually was captured by Dr. Eggman on board the ARK. Eggman deduced that Sonic and Tails were carrying both a real and a fake emerald, and demanded the locations of the two while holding her at gunpoint. After luring them to the pinnacle area of the ARK and presumably killing Sonic via a rigged escape capsule, Amy broke down in tears, but was later relieved when learning that Sonic actually survived. She also managed to convince Shadow that Maria's true wish was for him to bring hope to humanity, not to seek revenge on them for her. Amy begged Shadow to help everyone, and he in turn ended up saving the world from the Biolizard, and later the Finalhazard.
Girl on the Game BoyEdit
Amy was playable in Sonic Advance, but unlike the other playable characters, she could not spin and all of her attacks had to be triggered by a button press. She was an unlockable character in Sonic Advance 2, after collecting all of the Chaos Emeralds with all four of the other characters. She had apparently engaged in some training, as she was able to spin jump and spin dash in this game. She could also do this in Sonic Advance 3, but only if she was partnered with Sonic. If Amy is the leader, the partner behaves as she does in Sonic Advance.
Chasing Sonic with HelpEdit
In Sonic Heroes, Amy is the leader of Team Rose, and the team's speed type leader. She is accompanied by Cream the Rabbit and Big the Cat, who want to find Chocola (Cheese's brother) and Froggy, respectively. Amy, however, simply wants to find Sonic and express her love. She and her team eventually confront Metal Sonic with Team Sonic, Team Dark, and Team Chaotix, after he copied their data. They also find out that Metal Sonic is the one who has kidnapped Chocola and Froggy.
Boxercise and ParentingEdit
Amy appears in Sonic Battle as a playable character. In the story, Amy comes and asks Tails about Emerl, and Tails explains that Emerl is like Sonic's "child". Amy takes this literally and thinks that if Sonic is Emerl's "Daddy", he must want her to be the "Mommy", and that he is testing her to see if she could handle taking care of a real child. Amy then takes Emerl away and tells him to call her "Mommy", thus making Emerl believe that Amy is actually his mother. Amy also chases after and fights Rouge when she steals Emerl for her own purposes. Amy is often considered to be one of the stronger and more reliable characters in the game, since all of her attacks are fairly balanced, and contain a good mixture of speed and power. Her healing ability can quickly raise her HP, and she is the third fastest character in the game.
Sticking with ShadowEdit
Amy appeared alongside Sonic and the rest of the cast in Shadow the Hedgehog to try to convince Shadow to join their cause. Amy needs Shadow's help to rescue Cream and Cheese from Eggman's Cryptic Castle. No matter which mission the player chooses, after the stage is completed, Amy will assist the player in the fight against the Egg Breaker. Oddly enough, however, she does not appear in the cutscenes before or after the battle.
She later appears in the game's final story, where she attempts to dissuade Shadow from letting Black Doom get the Chaos Emeralds. After Shadow fulfilled Gerald Robotnik's original plans prior to his going insane, Amy expressed hope that Shadow survived as he is Shadow when Rouge questioned whether he survived. She also bore witness to Knuckles' chasing of Eggman.
Speeding along on the Pink RoseEdit
Amy is a playable character in Sonic Riders from the start. She is a speed type racer, and has stats equivalent to Sonic's and Jet's. She joins in the EX World Grand Prix because she wants to "keep her eye on Sonic".
In Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity, she finds one of the Arks of the Cosmos and, not knowing what it actually was, refused to hand it over to Jet. After being chased after by Storm, she throws it at his face and gets mad at him because he caused her to become lost. Amy forces him to lead her back to Sonic, but he ditches her when he finds a destroyed robot with another Ark of the Cosmos inside. She is then found by Sonic, and tells him that Storm mentioned the Gigan Rocks, a place where they could find information about the Arks.
Amy teams up with Cream and Vector in Sonic Free Riders in order to win the second EX Grand Prix and so she can see Sonic. In the Team Rose story, they must beat three teams in order to win the World Grand Prix. In the end, Amy celebrates her victory and rushes to Sonic, telling him he should go on a date with her because she won.
Amy appears in Sonic the Hedgehog (2006) and serves as an ally in Silver the Hedgehog's storyline. In this game, she mistakes Silver as Sonic. Learning that Silver was also looking for Sonic, she tries to enlist his help, not realizing Silver's true intentions on killing Sonic. Upon finding Sonic, Silver battles him and loses, but manages to catch Sonic off-guard afterward, and is able to hit him with a powerful blow, thus gaining the upper hand. However, Amy stops him from delivering the final blow. Amy also saves the damsel-in-distress Princess Elise—as well as Sonic—at one point in the story. She eventually found out that Silver didn't kill Sonic and that it was all part of Mephiles' plan to kill Sonic himself.
Amy can be played during the final level, End of the World, where she helps to revive Sonic by collecting one of the Chaos Emeralds. In the end, Solaris has been destroyed by Super Sonic, Super Shadow and Super Silver.
Attempting to Make a Blue Hedgehog Green with EnvyEdit
In Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, Amy went with Sonic to save Knuckles—and later the world—from Imperator Ix. Early on in the story, Amy claims to Sonic that she has found a new boyfriend called Dexter and tries at many occasions to present him as a great boyfriend, but without going into much detail about him. Depending on the player's choices, Amy will reveal to Sonic that she just made him up in an attempt to make Sonic jealous.
It is revealed in this game that Amy has started a club for young girls to protect themselves from bullies. When the Voxai Overmind brainwashed her, she says "You never pay attention to me". Also, the player can engage in a romantic subplot between Sonic and Amy, which varies based on the player's conversation choices. She is the first unlockable character and the second playable character.
Meet the WerehogEdit
Amy is one of the few Sonic characters to appear in Sonic Unleashed. She made her introduction, as she did in Sonic Adventure 2's Dark Story and Silver's story in Sonic the Hedgehog (2006), by hugging someone who looks like Sonic the Hedgehog. Although she hugged the right hedgehog this time, she didn't recognize Sonic due to him being in his Werehog form. She apologized, saying that she could have sworn it was him, and then ran off, causing Sonic to become depressed, as he is shown that he is not the same at all in his new form. Later, after Sonic saves her from some people possessed by Dark Gaia, he dashed away. However, it is implied that Sonic may not dislike her as much as he thinks.
Amy later finds out about Sonic's new form, saying that although he's changed his look, he's still Sonic to her. She later helps out Professor Pickle, and in one cutscene, she talks about being interested in learning (Wii/PS2 version only). She follows Sonic, Tails, Chip, and Professor Pickle to Shamar. Sonic can talk to her between levels, just like before. At one point, she asks Sonic out on a date, and he can either agree or turn her down. She later strikes hope into Professor Pickle by showing unwavering faith in Sonic during his final battle. After the fact, Amy throws Sonic a "welcome home" party, which isn't actually shown, only mentioned.
Lady of the LakeEdit
Amy appears in Sonic and the Black Knight, portrayed as Nimue, the Lady of the Lake. She gives Excalibur to King Arthur, which later proves to be a mistake. Sonic backs away when he firsts meets her because he thinks she is actually Amy. Nimue tells him that whoever holds the scabbard of Excalibur will become corrupted by its influence. She gives three tests to Sonic: First, he must free the innocent people from King Arthur's dungeon. Second, he must show compassion to those in need, and finally, he must defeat King Arthur's Knights of the Underworld.
Nimue places a three-day time limit for the tests to be completed. On the third day, she disguises herself as a young child and asks Sonic to rescue her "parents" and the people from her village. He completes the test, but runs out of time. She reveals herself after he tells her everyone's okay. She states that he has shown courage, strength and compassion. Nimue then explains to Sonic that Caliburn, along with the swords of Sir Gawain, Sir Lancelot, and Dame Percival combined can stop Excalibur's immortality-giving ability. Nimue appears as the kingdom is falling into darkness and tells Sonic and the three knights to place their swords in four shrines to create a barrier around Camelot Castle. After the game, Sonic, who has been taken back to his world, explains his journey to Amy Rose, who then complains that he is lying and forgot about their date and proceeds to attack him with her hammer, as My Sweet Passion plays. This may be the same date that Sonic could have agreed to during Sonic Unleashed, which is an optional scene towards the end of the adventure.
A Cosmic PicnicEdit
Amy appears in the DS version of Sonic Colors as a non-playable character. She is excited to see Sonic again and asks him to complete a mission for her entertainment. When Sonic finishes it, Amy comments that it was "dreamy" and asks Sonic to marry her, causing Sonic to ditch her and leave the problem to Tails. Later, Amy finds Sonic with Big, and asks him to complete one more mission for her. After Sonic is done, Amy decides to have a picnic with him. Amy then screams in joy, saying, "Eating together in an Aquarium! We are so gonna date!" Tails comments on this, explaining that they were in the middle of Eggman's base.
Chasing Two SonicsEdit
Amy appears in the console version of Sonic Generations. Amy and the others were celebrating Sonic's birthday, but were captured by the Time Eater. Amy ends up in Chemical Plant as a statue. If Classic Sonic rescues her, Amy notices how Sonic looks "younger every day" and asks about his "secret", leaving him annoyed. If Modern Sonic rescues her, Amy says she was afraid that she would never be able to "flirt with him" again, leaving him exasperated. Later, at the Center of Time, she encouraged both Sonics, alongside Knuckles. After the final battle, Amy and the others returned to the present and continued celebrating. She congratulates Sonic for being "great", as opposed to Knuckles' view of Sonic's performance as being "not half bad". After this, she joins the other characters in saying goodbye to Classic Sonic and Classic Tails.
Amy also appears in a Chemical Plant mission where she helps Modern Sonic jump to higher places underwater with her Piko Piko Hammer. She also races against Classic Sonic in a Sky Sanctuary mission. She stands outside Chemical Plant, in the Hub World, giving Sonic tips on the stage as he walks by. She also appears as a trophy in the trophy room, and her classic form was released as DLC as an Xbox 360 avatar costume.
Amy also appears in Sonic's storyline in Sonic Rivals. Amy has been turned into a card by Dr. Eggman and Sonic sets off to save both her and Tails. She also makes cameo appearances on three collectible cards. She doesn't appear in the story of Sonic Rivals 2, but she is featured on two collectible cards.
Amy is a playable character in the Party Mode of Sonic and the Secret Rings alongside Sonic, Tails, Knuckles, Shadow, Cream, Silver, and Blaze.
Amy appears as a playable character in Mario and Sonic at the Olympic Games. Like all the other female characters, Amy sports a different outfit than her normal dress. Her dress is similar to her normal one, but different around the shoulders, with the addition of black leggings underneath it and a different pair of shoes.
Amy is a playable character in the game Sega Superstars Tennis. She also appears in the game Mario & Sonic at the Winter Olympic Games as an all-around type character. Her main rival is Princess Peach. Her signature move is Pink Typhoon for the Wii version and Rose Spin for the DS version. She wears a pink parka, black leggings, and pink boots.
Amy appears in Sonic & SEGA All-Stars Racing, alongside Sonic, Tails, Knuckles, Shadow, Dr. Eggman and Big the Cat. Her model car is the Pink Cabriolet, an old-fashioned pink buggy with a spare tire cover etched with "AMY", and a plate on the front that says: "AMY-ROSE". Her All-Star Move is the Piko Piko Hammer; she pulls it out and madly swings it around to smash anyone unlucky enough to get in her way. Her All-Star Theme is "My Sweet Passion" from Sonic Adventure. She will return as a racer in Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed.
Amy also appeared in Mario and Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games as the third playable Sonic character. In her official artwork, she is shown to have a newly-designed swimsuit, although it will not be her new design in all of the new games.
PersonalityEditAmy in the main series is presented as being somewhat kind, beautiful, cute and sweet. In Sonic CD, she was referred to as an "optimistic tomboy" who loves fortunes and uses tarot cards. Because of her tomboyish nature, she became a playable character as a fighter in Sonic the Fighters. However, after Sonic Adventure, Amy had grown a more feminine personality, such as an interest in shopping and fashion, but that didn't remove her tomboyish nature, as in the more recent games, Amy has become far more violent and aggressive, much to Sonic's dismay. She often shows her anger by pulling out her Piko Piko Hammer out of Hammerspace, sometimes threatening Sonic with it.
In Sonic Battle, her attraction towards "Boxercise" plays to both elements of her ever-changing personality: the exercise helping her lose weight to maintain her girlish figure, and the boxing to help her train when she's forced to fight. In Sonic Battle, she had shown a very powerful and aggressive attitude, willing to fight whenever necessary.
Despite her violent tendencies, Amy has a very good heart, never gives up, and is one of the most optimistic and cheerful characters of the series. Amy is always full of hope and is always cheering on for the good side of things. She almost never seems to find anything hopeless, as shown in Sonic Adventure, where she was determined to help the Flicky who had lost his family.
In Sonic Adventure 2, Amy felt strongly that there was a chance for the world to be saved and that people were basically good (as she told Shadow). Amy is also a rather likable person. Despite her being slightly annoying, she has rarely met anyone who she did not befriend (including Shadow and Blaze). Amy is a regular sweetheart, but with a strong sense of justice, and an over sweeping infatuation for Sonic.
Since 2010, after the release of Sonic Free Riders, Amy seems to be more bossy and infatuated with Sonic than before. This is most likely due to the more light and humorous nature of recent Sonic games. Amy's personality has added more a humorous factor in games like Sonic Colors, Sonic Free Riders, and Sonic Generations with her obsession for Sonic, which causes her to say silly and embarrassing things.
Appearances in Other MediaEdit
Sonic the ComicEdit
Amy has appeared in the UK publication Sonic the Comic, in which she was a level-headed and pragmatic member of the Freedom Fighters—when she wasn't claiming to be Sonic's girlfriend. She also became the leader of the team while Sonic was trapped in the Special Zone. She was close friends with Tekno the Canary, and she used a crossbow in battle—rather than the Piko Piko Hammer that eventually became her trademark in the games.
In the Sonic the Hedgehog comics by Archie Comics, Amy is from the country of Mercia and has a cousin named Rob O' the Hedge—a reference to Robin Hood. As in other continuities, she has a crush on Sonic. In her earliest appearances, she attempted to become a member of the Freedom Fighters, but was rejected because of her young age. She then made herself older by wishing on the Ring of Acorns, but was still denied by Sally since she still had the mind of a younger girl. Eventually, however, Amy did advance enough to be accepted as a Freedom Fighter, and became an important member of the team.
Sonic Adventures was a two-volume, French-made comic book published by Sirène, that was released in 1994. Amy appears in the first volume—"Sonic Adventures: Dans Les Griffes De Robotnik"—being kidnapped by Robotnik as bait to get Sonic. This version of Amy has the same design as in Sonic CD.
Amy is one of the main characters in Sonic X, an anime series which is the most recent of the Sonic the Hedgehog TV shows. This is her first appearance in a Sonic TV series, as she did not appear in any of the other three American-produced series.
In Sonic X, Amy is Sonic's self-proclaimed girlfriend. Much the same as in the game series, her long-term goal is to get him to notice, love and respect her. She gets mad at Sonic's impatience and aloof attitude, which occasionally are so bad that she is driven to violence. However, she really does care about him and doesn't want him to get hurt. Likewise, Sonic seems closer and more comfortable with Amy in the anime, even going so far as to bring her flowers and say he cares for her in one episode. Amy also has romantic daydreams about her and Sonic. Overall, her personality is more temperamental than in the games; she may threaten or even harm her friends for things they had nothing to do with, but she still has the same kind heart that she possesses in the games.
Sonic X (comics)Edit
Amy Rose's role in the Sonic X comic is similar to hers in the Sonic X anime. In the comic book version, her relationship with Sonic is developed more closely, with Sonic even taking her on a date for Valentine's Day, although this was due to him having lost a bet with Knuckles. He seemed to enjoy himself, however, when Amy asked him if he would ever take her on a date again, Sonic answered "Er... Maybe?"
Amy has one of the widest ranges of skills in the series from her signature move the Hammer Attack to the basics shared by all like the Spin Dash to mimicries of other characters moves like the Rose Typhoon.
Amy possesses super speed. She is one of the few Speed Type characters that does not augment their speed with the use of a special object or power (i.e. Shadow uses his Hover Skates and Chaos Powers, Blaze uses her pyrokinesis and Fire Boost, Jet the Hawk uses extreme gear and Tails uses his twin tails). This, along with general sneakiness, allows her to be able to catch Sonic from time to time. In many games, such as Sonic Heroes, she is usually one of the speed characters.
Amy's primary method of attack is her Piko Piko Hammer, which she keeps in Hammerspace. With the Piko Piko Hammer, Amy can inflict major damage to her enemies. Amy is rather skillful with her hammer and is able to use it in a wide variety on moves and attacks, such as performing a somersault known as the Hammer Jump. She can also use it to perform the Tornado Hammer, and a move called the Propeller Hammer, to float through the air.
Amy seems to possess some kind of super-human strength, as her Piko Piko Hammer does appear to weigh quite a bit. On top of that, in Sonic Generations, when she accidentally hits Knuckles, she hits him with enough force to send him flying backwards into a nearby tree, without even noticing.
In Sonic the Fighters, Amy showed the ability to drop random items on the opponents' heads, from the mundane (e.g. soccer ball) to the weird (e.g. Bean's head). This later showed up again in Sonic Battle with her trap move.
In Sonic Adventure and Sonic Advance, Amy lacked the Spin Jump and Spin Attack, and instead could only perform a standard jump, a short leap, and a headbutt attack. Later games have since given her these abilities, allowing her to perform them similar to other characters.
In Sonic Adventure 2, Amy is a playable character in 2-player mode. Unlike Sonic and Shadow, she cannot perform the Spin Dash in this game, and can only do a somersault with her hammer in her hand. Amy also grinds and boards a little bit faster then the others as well. As with all other characters in two player mode, Amy can perform special attacks when a certain amount of Rings have been acquired; if 10 rings are collected, she can speed up like Sonic and Shadow. If 20 rings are collected, she can use a special attack called "Storming Hearts", which is similar to Sonic's "Sonic Wind" attack and Shadow's "Chaos Spear" attack. If 30 rings are collected, Amy is able to stun her opponent with her "Amy Flash" attack which freezes the opponents' controls, leading them to fall into pits if done at the right time. Amy seems to have access to Hammerspace, as she is able to conjure a hammer out of nowhere and can summon more than one. 
It is mentioned in the manual for Sonic CD that Amy can read tarot cards, which she uses in one of her POW moves in Sonic Chronicles, "Tarot Draw". This power was also mentioned in Sonic Battle when Amy says, "My cards told me you would be here" when Sonic asks her how she knew where he was.
In Sonic & the Black Knight, Amy has a special move where she is able to whack her hammer into the ground and send out a dome-shaped energy wave called "Rose Typhoon".
Most of Amy's life (since Sonic CD onwards) is spent following Sonic the Hedgehog, whom she is madly in love with. While Sonic seems perturbed and annoyed by her affections, she has not given up and goes through great lengths to impress him. Even though he seems nervous and occasionally overcome by her advances, Sonic still considers Amy a friend and is always there to help her out if needed. Being rejected and ignored by Sonic does not seem to hurt Amy, in fact, she sees and treats him like he does love her too. Throughout the games, since their meeting, Amy has been chasing Sonic and tries to be romantic with him, which creeps him out and causes him to run away.
In Sonic Battle, in Tails' story, Amy comes and asks Tails about Emerl, and Tails explains that Emerl is like Sonic's "child". However, Emerl was just a friend of Sonic. Amy takes this literally and thinks that if Sonic is Emerl's father and wants her to be the mother, and that he is testing her to see if she could handle taking care of a real child. Amy then takes Emerl away and tells him to call her "mommy", thus making Emerl believe that Amy is actually his mother. During her story she tries hard to protect Emerl after losing him to Rouge. At the end of her story, Amy tries to get Sonic to propose to her, but he bails. Amy assumes that Sonic simply got cold feet and none of the surrounding characters tell her the truth as they fear her anger.
In Sonic Riders, Amy enters the EX World Grand Prix so she can be beside Sonic, though she becomes mad when Sonic accidentally launches her into a tornado when he had to save her from Dr. Eggman and forgot about her. After getting caught in the tornado, she chases Sonic with her Piko Piko Hammer as payback for forgetting about her, even though Sonic keeps trying to apologize to her.
In Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, Amy tries to make Sonic jealous by making up "her new boyfriend" named Dexter. The player can choose whether Sonic believes it or not. If so, she will tell him that Dexter is fake. The player can also engage in an optional romantic sub-plot between Sonic and Amy. One possible outcome is Sonic revealing that he does have feelings for her, but they promise to put it on hold and figure it out after their adventure. This is currently unresolved, and it is unknown if any of it is canonical.
In Sonic Unleashed, Sonic seemed depressed when Amy didn't recognize him as a Werehog, understanding that he isn't the same at all in his Werehog form when Chip pointed it out. When she finds out the Werehog was Sonic, she wanted to know all about how it happened, and had even mentioned that Sonic looks better in the day time, but she doesn't care about that. In one point in the game, she asks Sonic out on a date and the player can choose whether Sonic accepts or declines it.
In Sonic and the Black Knight's ending, Sonic was explaining to Amy about his adventure in the Arthurian Legend. Amy does not believe him and said, "That's the lamest excuse ever! You just forgot about our date!" Sonic tries to reason out saying that he swears that it was true, but Amy doesn't listen and pulls out her hammer. However, in Sonic Free Riders, he quickly refuses going out on a date with her.
In Sonic Colors (DS), Amy tries to have a romantic picnic with Sonic however Sonic was too busy and didn't want to make the picnic look like a date. Amy also gives Sonic a mission, because he looks "dreamy" when he performs his tricks in stages.
In Sonic Generations, Amy is excited to attend Sonic's birthday. However Sonic keeps Amy away from getting too close to him (such as hugging him) by placing his hand over her face. When Classic Sonic rescues Amy, Amy mistook him for the present form of Sonic and questioned on how he looks so young, whereas when the present Sonic saves Amy, she tells Sonic that she was afraid that she would never be able to flirt with him again, leaving Sonic annoyingly exasperated. If Sonic gets an S rank in Chemical Plant, Amy will compliment that Sonic "knows how to get the girls" and when attaining a Red Star Ring, Amy says that she mistook the ring for an actual ring, meaning that she thought Sonic was giving her a ring for a gift or other reasons.
A running gag involves Amy makes her entrance in a game by running into other hedgehogs from the left of the screen and hugging them from behind, mistaking them for Sonic.
Cream the Rabbit is Amy's best friend. Since Sonic Heroes, Cream and Amy are portrayed as best friends and they share a sister-like relationship, comparable to Sonic and Tails' brother-like friendship. This fact is strengthened by Sonic Advance 3, as when they are paired together, they are given the title "Team Jubilee" and serve as a female counterpart to Sonic and Tails' "Unbreakable Bond." The two also seem to frequent together almost completely throughout Sonic Battle, except when Emerl drags one of them away. Amy is also seen searching for Cream during the level Cryptic Castle in Shadow the Hedgehog which further suggests how much she cares for her. Another suggestion is in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood when you go to recruit Cream she says "You poor thing! What are you doing out here?".
In Sonic Rush, it is implied that Amy occasionally gets angry with Cream, angry enough to chase her with her hammer as Cream shouted "Not again!" after she said that Amy was "shortsighted" in the regard of her love of Sonic when Cream introduced Blaze to Amy.
The two team up twice in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood for the moves Spin Cycle, the equivalent of Sonic and Tails' Blue Bomber move in which Cream lifts Amy up and sends her spinning into one enemy, as well damaging adjacent ones. Team Rose band together to perform Flower Power, their most potent attack in this game which involves Amy bouncing off Big with a boost from Cream and landing on a foe hammer-first.
In recent games such as Sonic Unleashed, Sonic Colors, and Sonic Generations, Amy seems to be distancing herself from Cream. She is often seen around other characters, such as Blaze, but she still remains close to Amy in Sonic Free Riders, but not quite as a sidekick.
Big the Cat is most likely Amy's other best friend. They fight together in Sonic Heroes, forming Team Rose. In Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood after meeting Big in the Mystic Ruins, Big states that he "heard his good friend Amy Rose" so he rushed over to see if it was really her. When Big sees Amy he becomes ecstatic and actually makes an attempt to hug her (in which Amy refuses due to the fact that he smelled from the gases in the ruins). Also, if you agree to let Big join your party he, again, becomes happy that he gets to be around Amy. Big acts like an older brother to Amy.
Miles "Tails" Prower is a lot like a little brother figure to Amy. Sometimes, she's bossy with him and many other times, she is protective and defensive of Tails, although Amy will sometimes use Tails' close connections with Sonic to find out his whereabouts and/or some current events. Nonetheless, Amy and Tails are very good friends. Although Cream is Amy's best friend, Tails and Sonic are the two people Amy is around the most because Amy is always chasing after Sonic and Tails is always with Sonic on adventures. Amy and Tails are really close because of this and always try to do their best to stop Eggman with Sonic.
The only time their friendship was slightly strained was in Sonic Battle, when Amy caught Sonic off-guard. When Sonic and Tails were talking they could hear Amy scream "SONIC" off in the distance. Sonic hesitated and told Tails to deal with Amy. When Amy approached she got annoyed by how Sonic had abandoned Tails so he could get away. She demanded that Tails tell her where Sonic went but Tails told her honestly that he had no idea where Sonic could have run off to since he never told him.
Amy has only been seen interacting with Knuckles the Echidna on rare occasions.
In Sonic Heroes when playing as Team Sonic; at the beginning of the fight against Team Rose, Knuckles will side with Amy and say, "Have you been messing with that girl's heart again Sonic?"
In Sonic Rush, when Amy interacted with Blaze for the second time Knuckles rushes in, and says to Blaze, "Hey, cat woman, it's payback time!", Amy then says, "Uh-oh! What did you do to him!?" Cream tells Amy that it's a misunderstanding, with which Amy replies with "pretty typical of Knuckles". To get Knuckles to leave Blaze alone, Amy calls Knuckles a dimwit, leading to a brief argument. Knuckles replies, "I don't have time for you! I have business with that cat woman!". Amy then taunts Knuckles and says, "I know! That's why I called you a d-", daring herself that she'll call him a dimwit again, Knuckles then gets outraged and goes hot on Amy, leaving Blaze alone.
In Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity, Amy budges in Knuckles' sentence in the end which caused Knuckles to be annoyed. However Knuckles is also seen protecting Amy and pulls her away out of danger in the MeteorTech Premises.
In Sonic Generations, Amy accidentally hurts Knuckles with a great force (which causes him to crash into a tree) after saying that Sonic "wasn't half bad" whereas she thought he was "all great". However, Amy does not notice how hard she hit Knuckles because she was busy swooning at Sonic. However in the beginning of the party, when Time Eater sends out portals to suck Sonic's friends in, Knuckles is seen protecting Amy by being sucked into the portal along with him.
In Sonic Adventure 2, they interact twice, but each time, Amy seems to gain an odd reaction from Shadow.
Amy first meets Shadow when she mistakes him for Sonic and hugs him from behind. Shadow remains still after having been caught off guard by her ambush, and does not shake her off or retort with violence. When Amy senses the lack of a reaction, she releases him, causing him to glance back at her. Amy demands his name when she realizes that he is not Sonic, but he continues to watch her quietly. After Amy notices Dr. Eggman, she also realizes the mistake she's made, and runs off screaming. During this, Shadow takes a step after her, until Dr. Eggman tells the team that he'll take care of Amy.
Later in the game aboard the ARK, Amy meets Shadow again and this time does her part in helping by begging Shadow to save the world. At first, Shadow simply replies, strangely in a non-threatening way, that it is pointless, but then Amy points out that despite people sometimes being selfish, they were still inwardly good and that saving them was right. Because of this, Shadow suddenly has a flashback of Maria begging Shadow to make people happy. When Shadow comes to his senses he goes off to fight the Biolizard, softly telling Amy that he has to keep his promise to Maria and her.
Amy was also the only one to see Shadow's tear after he remembered Maria's promise, making her the only person to see him cry in Sonic Adventure 2. Amy and Maria have the same insight towards humanity, thus this might be one of the reasons Shadow is nice to her, since it's unknown whether or not Shadow remembers Amy's deed in ARK.
During Shadow the Hedgehog, Shadow can choose to assist Amy Rose in helping find Cream and have her fight alongside the player in the boss battle. Regardless, at the end of stage, Shadow benevolently advises, "If you wanna stay clear of trouble, then stay away from that Doctor." In the final ending, Amy shows an amount of faith and admiration for Shadow, regardless of anything bad that may have happened.
Amy and Vector encountered each other in Sonic Heroes. When the Chaotix saw Team Rose, Vector wanted to ask Amy a question, however her rude response caused the teams to fight.
The next time the two were seen together was in Sonic Free Riders. Vector joined Amy's team along with Cream to win the prize money Eggman advertised about his Grand Prix. Vector and Amy do not seem to get along. At first, Amy blames Vector for not getting them registered for the race even when he claimed that it was not his fault as she invited him to her team 30 minutes ago. Also, when Amy pretends that she wasn't expecting her and Sonic in the Grand Prix (because she wanted to prove that "lovers" are drawn together) Vector disapproves her by calling her a "terrible actress". Amy also appears to yell at Vector and boss him around, something she does not do to Cream throughout the game, even though Cream is also a member of the team.
- Sonic the Hedgehog (Love interest)
- Cream the Rabbit (Best friends, as close as sisters)
- Miles "Tails" Prower (Good friend)
- Knuckles the Echidna
- Shadow the Hedgehog
- Blaze the Cat
- Silver the Hedgehog
- Vanilla the Rabbit
- Big the Cat (Close friends, seen as an older brother to her)
- Vector the Crocodile
- Espio the Chameleon
- Charmy Bee
- Rouge the Bat (Arch-Rival and also ally)
- Jet the Hawk
- Wave the Swallow
- Storm the Albatross
- Princess Peach (Mario & Sonic series)
A Games Radar article called Amy's introduction "the only bitter taste" in Sonic CD, but added that she's "just a pink hedgehog here and not a whiny, annoying brat like in Sonic Adventure."  In an IGN article entitled "Smash It Up", Lucas M Thomas stated that "one of the coolest things about Amy Rose's character is her enormous, walloping hammer" that is often used for comedy in the series. 
Amy is overall very well received by fans, and is considered to be one of the series "Top 10" characters, as evidenced by popularity polls.Template:Citation needed Amy is so far three of the only females to have a figure made by Jazwares, with the other figures being Wave the Swallow and Blaze the Cat.
- "My Sweet Passion" - Nikki Gregoroff (Unlike other characters, Amy has kept this theme song throughout her many game appearances, such as in the ending of Sonic and the Black Knight when Sonic tries to explain to her why he didn't show up for his date).
- "Follow Me" - Kay Hanley (This theme song is shared with Big and Cream in Sonic Heroes).
For more, please see Amy Rose/Artwork.
- "I hate it when they leave me behind!" - When Sonic and Tails leave Amy on the Space Colony ARK before Eggman kidnaps her in Sonic Adventure 2.
- "I'll help you jump higher with my Piko Piko Hammer!" - Amy before her mission in Chemical Plant Act 2 in Sonic Generations. (First time Amy has ever called her hammer by its full name).
- "It's my turn now!"- When choosing Amy in Sonic Adventure.
- "Have no fear! Amy Rose is here!" - When Amy rescues Sonic from Prison Island in Sonic Adventure 2.
- "If I tell you, will you marry me?" - Amy after Sonic asks where Shadow is in Sonic Adventure 2.
- "Not gonna hold back!" - Amy at the start of a race in Sonic Riders & Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity.
- "I'll destroy all of you!" - When she unleashes her All-Star move in Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing.
- "That's right, I'm the best!" - When Amy wins in the Olympic games series.
- "Oh Shadow, I'm so glad you're here! Cream went into that castle and she hasn't come back out! Will go in there with me and look for her?" - Amy asking Shadow a favor to find Cream in Shadow the Hedgehog.
- "Hey look it's Eggman's robots, well if they're fighting off the aliens they can't be all bad" - Amy talking about Eggman's robots doing a good thing in Shadow the Hedgehog.
- "Just leave the robots alone!" - Amy if Shadow hurts one of Eggman's robots since they are being good in Shadow the Hedgehog.
- "I feel bad for those poor things." - Amy explaining she feels bad for Eggman's robots, in Shadow the Hedgehog.
- "Watch out! I'm Sonic's girlfriend!" - Amy warning Blaze in Sonic Rush.
- "Sheesh, Sonic! Would it have killed you to go easy out there?!" - Amy scolding Sonic for not going easy on her in Sonic Free Riders.
- "Listen, Emerl! I'm your mommy!" - Amy talking to Emerl in Sonic Battle.
- "If it's about a date, it'll have to wait." - Amy after Team Rose confronts Team Chaotix in Sonic Heroes.
- "Fated lovers are always drawn together, silly!" - Amy giving Sonic an answer of what she's doing at the Botanical Kingdom in the third cut-scene in the Heroes Story in Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity.
- "Hey, out of the way, buddy! I'll lose sight of Sonic!" - Amy after Storm confronts her in a Babylon Story cut-scene in MeteoTech Sparkworks in Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity.
- "Thanks to you, I got separated from Sonic, you big jerk! So you're going to find the way out. Am I clear?!" - Amy after Storm forces Amy to be separated from her beloved Sonic in the Tempest Waterway in Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity.
- "We're, like, awesome!" - Amy after getting a rank A in Sonic Heroes.
- "Sonic! This time there's no way outta marrying me!" - Amy to Sonic in the Team Rose boss battle in Sonic Heroes.
- "If I had to choose between the world and Sonic, I would choose Sonic!" - Amy after Silver beats Sonic in Sonic the Hedgehog 2006.
- "Now I've got you Sonic! It's about time I finally caught you again. Hey! You're not Sonic! Um...I'm sorry!'" - Amy after mistaking Silver for Sonic in Sonic the Hedgehog (2006).
- "Sonic, I'm going to save you." - Amy starting White Acropolis in End of the World in Sonic The Hedgehog (2006).
- "You're crazy if you think you can get away from Amy Rose and.... Who are you?" - Amy when she hugged Sonic the Werehog in Sonic Unleashed.
- "Just now... was that... Sonic?" - Amy when Sonic the Werehog rescued her from Dark Gaia's forces.
- "Thank you, Sonic... Wow, you look younger every day. What's your secret?" - Amy after Classic Sonic rescues her at Chemical Plant in Sonic Generations.
- "You saved me, Sonic! I was afraid I'd never be able to flirt with you again!" - Amy after Modern Sonic rescues her at Chemical Plant in Sonic Generations.
- "You can do it, Sonic!" - Amy cheering on the Sonics in Sonic Generations.
- "Half bad? Are you kidding me? He was all great!" - Amy in the last cutscene of Sonic Generations.
- "Come on! Give a girl a break!" - Amy when losing a mission in Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed.
- In the Sega CD release of Sonic CD in America, Amy was referred to as "Princess Sally" in the game manual, possibly to connect her to the Sonic animated television series released that same year. However, the Sally that showed up in the cartoons was not Amy. Subsequent re-releases of Sonic CD jettison any references to Amy being named Sally. Interestingly, she was clearly stated as "Amy" in the earlier European manual for Sonic CD.
- Amy's concept outfit for Sonic Riders appears to give her pink fingers, although her gloves may have been fur-colored rather than fingerless.
- Amy has always called her Piko Piko Hammer just "my hammer", but in her co-op mission in Sonic Generations she calls it "my Piko Piko Hammer" being the first time she has called it by its full name, and the first time it has ever been called its full name correctly. (In Sonic & SEGA All-Stars Racing the Announcer calls it "The Piko Hammer".)
- Amy's bio in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood calls her Amy Rose the Hedgehog.
- Amy was the first female character introduced in the game series as well as the only female hedgehog of the series.
- In Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, Amy is the strongest character in terms of Smash ability, being the only character who can reach Level 3. (Knuckles and E-123 Omega can only reach Level 2 Smash ability.)
- Amy apparently has the power to turn invisible, although the only game she has actively used this power in was Sonic the Hedgehog (2006). After that game's timeline was erased, she didn't turn invisible again until Sonic and the Black Knight, as Nimue.
- Amy Rose is the only member of Team Rose that is affected by the brainwashing of the Overmind Voxai in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood.
- In Sonic R, Amy is one of two characters who races in a vehicle rather than on foot. The other is Doctor Robotnik.
- In Sonic the Fighters, Amy's Piko Piko Hammer looks different from the one that is shown in the more recent games, probably due to the fact that it was the hammer's first appearance (not counting Tails' use of a similar hammer in Tails Adventure).
- If Sonic the Fighters is to be believed, Amy Rose did not wear panties in the classic era - harmless pink fur covers her body underneath her skirt. This was not changed in the HD release.
- In Sonic Riders, Amy sports a different, racing outfit throughout the game, but in Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity, Amy wears her usual dress in the story cutscenes and in the story level where she races Storm. However, in the Single and Multiplayer modes, she wears the same outfit that she wore in Sonic Riders.
- Amy is the only playable character in Sonic 06 to not travel to the future at any time during the game.
- Amy is one of the few characters in Sonic Unleashed who is not affected by the negative effects of Dark Gaia spreading over the planet.
- Amy is the only character that appeared in Sonic Rivals that didn't appear in Sonic Rivals 2.
- In the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 versions of Sonic Unleashed, Sonic makes a reference to Amy after defeating the Dark Guardian in Shamar, when he says, "I know little girls who are better with a hammer than you! Well, one anyway."
- Ironically, in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, despite being the speed leader of Team Rose, Amy's attack is slower than other speed leaders like Sonic and Shadow. She is also the strongest attacker of her team, despite Big being the power leader.
- Amy's hair has gotten slightly longer in recent games. The back side of her hair was noticeably shorter than the hair at the side of her face in Sonic Adventure but that part of the hair has been longer since Sonic Unleashed.
- In the DS version of Sonic & SEGA All-Stars Racing, Amy's character and vehicle selection picture shows her car with ears and head mirrors. However, while racing as her, they aren't shown.
- Strangely, Amy appears in the French guide for Sonic & Knuckles, even though she makes no appearance whatsoever in the game. In that guide, it was said that Amy had been kidnapped by Knuckles.
- Shadow's Inhibitor rings look similar to Amy's ring-cuffed gloves.
- Although she does not have her own video game like many of the other main characters, Amy does have her own mobile game called Amy's American Page One for Sonic Cafe.
- Amy is the only hedgehog not to have a super form.
- She is also the only hedgehog whose name does not begin with an "S".
- All of the cars Amy has driven in racing games have been old-fashioned convertibles, similar to how Sonic has driven sports cars and how Knuckles drives off-roaders.
- Amy's last name, Rose, can be considered a play on words. A rose is a very beautiful flower that is connected with love, but has sharp thorns on it as well. This can be related to her connection to love and her short fiery temper. It is also a play on her color, because in French, rose translates to pink, her fur color.
- In the Mario & Sonic series, Amy is the only playable female character who is not a princess.
- Like Blaze, Amy is a speed type character in the normal series, but in the Mario & Sonic series and in SEGA Superstars Tennis, she is an All-Around type instead.
- Amy Rose was the alias Lisa Ortiz was credited as for her voice role of March and Salsa from the game Eternal Sonata.
- With the release of "Episode Metal", Amy is the only major character from the Classic games who is still around and who has yet to get her own game.
- Amy Rose is one of four characters to appear in every Sonic the Hedgehog series racing game to date.
- Although in Sonic Advance Amy cannot typically Spin Dash or Spin Jump, when Amy is forced into a ball, Amy lacks the standard spin animation and an unusual, high pitched noise can be heard.
- Amy Rose was one of Lisa Ortiz's favorite roles to do voice work for.
- Amy and Sonic are the two hedgehogs without fur on their arms, while Shadow and Silver do have fur.
- Amy appears to be slow in her Twinkle Circuit cart in Sonic Adventure, likely because her speed wasn't established until later. She also didn't weigh a lot, as seen by how high her car floats over the track compared to the others.
- Amy is the only game character confirmed to use magic outside of the Storybook series.
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- ↑ Sonic Heroes manual
- ↑ ftp://segapr.segaamerica.com/SEGA_E32007/Mario%20&%20Sonic%20at%20the%20Olympic%20Games/Fact%20sheet/
- ↑ See this video and go to 3:38.
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- ↑ IGN smash: It would be quite helpful if a URL to this article were to be supplied.
- Amy Rose Concept: "Mobius" (Real Character Profile)