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Tony the Tiger

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Tony

Tony the Tiger is the advertising cartoon mascot for Kellogg's Frosted Flakes breakfast cereal, appearing on its packaging and advertising. More recently, Tony has also become the mascot for Tony's Cinnamon Krunchers and Tiger Power. Since his love in the 1960s, the character has spanned several generations and become a breakfast cereal icon.

History

In 1951, Eugene Kolkey, an accomplished graphic artist and Art Director for Leo Burnett, sketched a character for a contest to become the official mascot of a Kellogg's brand-new breakfast cereal. Kolkey designed a tiger named Tony (named after an ad man at Leo Burnett—Raymond Anthony Wells[1] and selected Martin Provensen for the finished artwork. Tony competed against three other potential mascots for the public's affection: Katy the Kangaroo (originated by Robert Dulaney in the early fifties), Elmo the Elephant, and Newt the Gnu.[2] Within the year, the other mascots were dropped (with Elmo and Newt never once gracing the front of the box), and Tony was given a son, Tony Jr. Tony the Tiger would eventually become a cereal icon. The final Tony the Tiger design came from a group of former Disney animators known as Quartet Films, which also designed The Jolly Green Giant, Snap, Crackle and Pop, the Hamms Beer Bear, and the Baltimore Orioles mascot, among others. Stan Walsh, Art Babbitt, Arnold Gillesspie, and Michael Lah were the artists/filmmakers that formed the Quartet Films of Hollywood.[3]

A recognizable and distinct voice was needed for the Tony the Tiger character. Initially, he was voiced by Dallas McKennon, but shortly after the initial Sugar Frosted Flakes advertisements aired, McKennon was replaced by Thurl Ravenscroft, who spent the next five decades providing the characteristic deep bass voice associated with the character, notably the familiar "They're Grrrrreat!" catchphrase. John E. Matthews came up with this phrase while working as copywriter for Leo Burnett. Ravenscroft spoke to an interviewer of injecting his personality into Tony: "I made Tony a person. For me, Tony was real. I made him become a human being and that affected the animation and everything."[4]

In 1958, Tony appeared on Kellogg cereal boxes with Hanna-Barbera characters such as Huckleberry Hound and Snagglepuss.

Tony began to be humanized in the 1970s; he was given an Italian-American nationality and consumers were briefly introduced to more of Tony's family including Mama Tony, Mrs. Tony, and a daughter, Antoinette. Tony was a popular figure among the young Italian-American population and it showed in 1974, where he was deemed "Tiger of the Year" in an advertising theme taken from the Chinese Lunar Calendar. The advertising theme declared, "This is the Year of the Tiger and Tony is the Tiger of the Year." Later that year, Tony graced the covers of Italian GQ and Panorama. In addition to Tony's success, during this decade, son Tony Jr. was even given his own short-lived cereal in 1975, Frosted Rice. Provensen's original art design for the tiger has changed significantly over the years, as Tony the whimsical, cereal-box-sized tiger with a teardrop-shaped head was replaced by his fully-grown son Jr., who is now a sleek, muscular sports enthusiast—he was a coach for the Monster Wrestlers in My Pocket and a referee for the Monster Sports Stars in My Pocket (see Monster in My Pocket). Tony the Tiger was never limited to American cereal boxes, appearing on Kellogg's European brand cereal boxes.

Tony frequently appears in American commercials as an animated character in a live-action world, frequently with his drawn image rotoscoped over a live character, such as an extreme sports athlete, allowing Tony to not just appear in live action, but interact as well.

The longtime voice of Tony, Thurl Ravenscroft, died in 2005. In North America, he was replaced from 2005 onwards by announcer Lee Marshall, who maintained the role until his death from cancer in 2014. However, advertisements for Frosties in the United Kingdom are revoiced locally; here, Tony is voiced by Californian-born British actor, Tom Clarke Hill.[5] For some time in the United Kingdom, the rock song "Eye of the Tiger" by Survivor was used in conjunction with Tony's viewings. In Canada, Tony is voiced by animation, commercial, and promo voice artist Tony Daniels.

“Put a Tiger on Your Team[6]” was featured in ads all across the nation in 1958 as Kellogg’s cereal campaign reached out all children sports organizations and teams to build more consumers. In the same year of 1958, Tony the Tiger was joined by other popular mascots to promote the newest cereal release “pre-sweetened cereals.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. Mass media and marketing during this time was on the rise, especially in the food product industry. In the wake of Kellogg’s Frosted Flakes the cereal company’s goal was to produce a flavor that was “delicious and distinctive flavor.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name.” In 1974, after Kellogg launched a Chinese Year of the Tiger,Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. for marketing and advertising techniques Tony was selected as Tiger of the Year.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. Following a few months later was the release of an innovative Tony the Tiger commercial. This commercial was significant in the humanizing factor of Tony with the birth of his first daughter, Antoinette. This advertising technique targeted the millions of infants as AntoinetteCite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. the baby tigress was shown tasting Kellogg’s Sugar Frosted Flakes for the first time, followed by the Tony the Tiger slogan. The shape of the featured tiger was beginning to shape the cereal marketing and advertising sector by promoting new product lines. The company used Tony Jr.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. as its mascot to introduce nearly six new products that are high in nutrition in the mid 1970s. Throughout all of the 1970s Tony the TigerCite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. had a complete family of three. The evolution of this brand icon continued to rise as Tony the TigerCite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name. was featured in a Hot Air Balloon Championship in 1981.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no content must have a name.

References

  1. Obituary 2001, Chicago Tribune.
  2. http://blog.retroplanet.com/kelloggs-frosted-flakes-tony-the-tiger-mascot/
  3. http://lucaboschi.nova100.ilsole24ore.com/2013/07/04/tutto-su-stan-walsh-di-alberto-becattini/
  4. http://cartoonician.com/hes-grrrrreat-the-thurl-ravenscroft-interview/
  5. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/25/arts/television/25ravenscroft.html
  6. http://www.kellogghistory.com/timeline.html

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